This type of disease is manifested by uncontrolled proliferation and large quantities of white blood cells, generated by the bone marrow and is therefore cancerous. They occur when some cancer cells are larger and infiltrate the spinal cord. Because of this, the immune system will weaken, because the globules cannot mature. It is also called blood cancer. A short time ago, medicine found several treatment options for this disease.
There are two types of leukemia:
- the first type is when the disease appears without any sign.
- the second type is when the disease occurs when it is caused by a previous condition. Example: blood diseases.
This disease manifests itself in a very rapid way, because the cancerous transformation takes place in the blood cells. This transformation is called lymphoblastic. Strong leukemias progress very quickly, affecting the patient’s health in a very short time, while chronic leukemia is less aggressive.
Types of Leukemia:
Acute Lymphatic Leukemia. This disease manifests when the cells, instead of becoming lymphocytes, become cancerous cells, damaging the other normal bone marrow cells. This disease develops rapidly in various organs such as liver, spleen, brain, kidney and lymph nodes causing their own diseases, such as renal failure, liver problems, anemic deficiency, meningitis, etc.
Chronic lymphatic leukemia. This type of disease manifests when the cancerous lymphocytes grow and begin to spread through the organs, until they reach the bone marrow. It progresses very slowly and affects people over 60 years old. This type of leukemia has the following symptoms: swollen lymph nodes and excessive fatigue. In order to realize that we are suffering from this disease we have to do the following tests: examining the blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. The treatment is different for each type of leukemia.
AML. Acute myeloid leukemia refers to myelocyte conversion. These should turn into granulocytes. As in all cases of leukemia, cells spread affecting different organs where their proportion and size continue to grow, causing different conditions.
Chronic myeloid leukemia. This type of leukocytes are generated by the transformation of granulocytes into cancer cells. The signs of this disease are: loss of appetite and weight, until bleeding and regression of lymph nodes.